Blepharitis is a common and treatable inflammation of the eyelid margin. There are several possible causes of blepharitis, including:
Bacterial, Fungal or Parasitic eyelid infection, meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), and dry eyes. It can also be associated to certain skin conditions such as Rosacea.
The most common symptoms of blepharitis are: burning or stinging eyes, crusty debris or dandruff at the base of eyelashes, irritated, watery eyes, itchy eyelids and foreign body sensation.
The meibomian glands normally secrete oils that are important for a healthy layer of tears on the surface of the eye. Inflammation of these glands affects the quality and quantity of tears on the eye. Clogged meibomian glands also can cause the formation of a stye at the lid margin or a chalazion within the eyelid.
Typically, blepharitis treatment includes:
Eyelid scrubs. A daily regimen of warm compresses and lid scrubs to clean your eyelids is recommended. Cleaning agents may include prescription eyelid cleansers, non-prescription eyelid cleansing pads, or diluted baby shampoo.
Medicated eye drops and/or ointments.
Routine use of over-the-counter or prescription lubricating eye drops also may be recommended if it is associated to dry eyes.
Blepharitis typically is a chronic condition, meaning it can come back frequently and be a recurring problem. The best way to avoid blepharitis or recurrence is to clean your eyelids daily.